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General Study Areas

Among the more readily recognizable study areas that fall under the biometeorological umbrella are those that investigate the effects of atmospheric variation and variability upon:

  • Terrestrial and aquatic phenology and ecology (zoological, botanical and ethological)
  • Natural resource production and management (including silviculture, agriculture, horticulture, grassland, wetland and marine systems)
  • Stress, morbidity and mortality in animals and humans (including physiological and psychological adaptations) and the potential impacts of a human-induced climate change
  • The built environment (all aspects of planning, urban design, and architecture)
  • Economic systems and social activities (including organizational, individual and group behavior and management)

In addition, Biometeorology is very much concerned with the feedback effects of living organisms on their environments, such as:

  • The inadvertent modification of the atmosphere by living systems, especially human (e.g., studies of pollution, climate change impacts, changes to atmospheric amenity, and the processes of deterioration of landscape including deforestation and desertification)
  • The intentional modifications of natural energy and matter flows within urban areas, and indoor climate constructions